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The term third party is used in the United States for a political party other than one of the two major parties (Democratic Party and Republican Party). It can also include independents and write in candidates.

The United States has had a mainly two-party system for over a century. Following Duverger’s law, the winner take all system for presidential elections and the single-seat plurality voting system for Congressional elections have over time created the two-party system.

Currently, there are only two U.S. Senators (Joe Lieberman and Bernie Sanders), who are neither Democrat nor Republican, while no Governor or U.S. Representative hails from outside the major parties. The last U.S. President without a major party affiliation was Andrew Johnson, who switched from being a Democrat to being an independent while in office.

Although third party candidates rarely actually win elections, they can have an effect on them. If they do well, they are often accused of having a spoiler effect. Sometimes they have won votes in the electoral college, as in the 1832 Presidential election. They can draw attention to issues that may be ignored by the majority parties. If such an issue finds acceptance with the voters, one or more of the major parties may adopt the issue into its own party platform. Also, a third party may be used by the voter to cast a protest vote as a form of referendum on an important issue. Third parties may also help voter turnout by bringing more people to the polls. Third party candidates at the top of the ticket can help to draw attention to other party candidates down the ballot, helping them to win local or state office. In 2004 the U.S. electorate consisted of an estimated 43% registered Democrats and 33% registered Republicans, with independents and those belonging to other parties constituting 25%.

The People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, needs to re-establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to themselves and their Posterity. In order to achieve this, the people of the United States of America, needs to establish a new electoral party that is guided and mandated solely by the Constitution of the United States of America. This new Constitutional Party must be neither left or right. It must be established so as to reflect the core values of the American people.

The United States Constitution is already the Supreme law of the United States of America. It is the framework of their democracy. The United States Constitution is the political center. It is the gavel of justice. It is the designator of authority. It is the affirmation that all men are created equal. It is the written terms and conditions for the “government of the people, by the people, for the people“. It is the unanimous declaration that governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government.

It is time for an official third electoral party in the United States. It is time to provide new Guards for “The People’s” future security.